Beyond epidermal growth factor receptor: MET amplification as a general resistance driver to targeted therapy in oncogene-driven non-small-cell lung cancer.

The rapidly changing treatment paradigm for patients with metastatic oncogene-driven lung cancer continues to evolve, and consequently our understanding of the landscape of resistance must also advance. MET amplification is an established and frequent driver of resistance in EGFR-mutant non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, the combination of MET proto-oncogene (MET) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has shown promise in overcoming this molecularly defined resistance in clinical trials, and this combination strategy is being pursued in ongoing trials. Emerging data also demonstrate MET amplification as a resistance driver to TKI-treated ALK-, RET-, and ROS-1-fusion NSCLC, consistently at the range of 15%, while the resistance profiling data are maturing for other molecular targets. In this review, we discuss

MET amplification as a driver of acquired resistance in well-defined molecular subsets of NSCLC, explore the biology behind this mechanism of resistance, and summarize the recently published clinical data, including the proposed combination strategies in the clinic achieving success in overcoming acquired MET amplification-dependent resistance.

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